Stroke

Did you know that stroke is:

  • The leading cause of long-term disability in the United States
  • The third leading cause of death
  • The quicker treatment occurs, the lower the risk of serious, long-term injury

What is a Stroke?

A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is suddenly interrupted. There are several kinds of stroke:

Ischemic: the majority of strokes, is caused by an abrupt arterial blockage.

Hemorrhagic strokes occur when a blood vessel bursts, causing bleeding in the brain.

Signs and Symptoms of Stroke

  1. Weakness or numbness in the face, arm or leg, particularly on one side
  2. Difficulty speaking
  3. Difficulty understanding others
  4. Vision problems with one or both eyes
  5. Balance and coordination issues
  6. Dizziness
  7. Severe headache

Most stroke victims experience the sudden onset of one or more of these symptoms.

Act F.A.S.T.

The American Stroke Association has created this acronym to help you remember the signs and actions to take when you think someone is having a stroke, and recommends that you call for emergency medical assistance immediately upon identifying any of the signs of stroke. Also, make a note of when you noticed the symptoms beginning and tell the medical professionals. Remember, the quicker treatment begins for a stroke, the lower the risk of long-term injury and disability.

              Face drooping

             Arm weakness

             Speech difficulty

             Time to call 9-1-1

Risk Factors for a Stroke

Certain people have a higher risk for stroke:

  • senior citizens
  • smoking
  • individuals with high blood pressure
  • diabetics
  • diet high in fat or sodium
  • lack of physical exercise

Resources

www.strokeassociation.org has lots of additional information for you to learn about stroke prevention and life after stroke.

Measure your risk using the Stroke Risk Scorecard:

http://www.stroke.org/sites/default/files/resources/RiskStrokeScorecard_Eng.pdf

 

 

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